Sometimes you buy a beautiful animal, and then realizes that started sneezing, the nose run and eyes water. Unfortunately, there are signs of allergy to animals, affecting 15% of the population. Learn a little more about it and what to do.
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Allergy is nothing more than the reaction of our body against a substance that is considered invasive.
Learn all about the dilemma that involves animals and allergies, to handle correctly in each case.
Myths and truths about allergies to animals
When we were children have heard some things about allergies triggered by the presence of animals, facts that are not always credible.
Know what is myth and what is true for the animals and the health problems is the best way to decide whether or not you can live with a pet.
1. The smaller the, the lower the chance of causing allergy?
No. The main cause of allergy in humans is the animal dander, and many allergic people go to buy an animal with short believing that will not trigger an allergic reaction. Unfortunately, animals with long or short by can trigger allergy, the only difference is that an animal for long can store more of these peeling skin particles (like us, who, with greater hair, more accumulated pollutants and allergens ).
In addition to the scaling of the skin, some people may have a predisposition to be allergic urine, saliva and even the contact with the animal.
2. Some animal breeds are hypoallergenic?
No. Many people buy a cat or dog particular breed because they lack sensitivity to allergens such animals, but have heard that any race is different, hypoallergenic. Unfortunately it does not exist. In fact, some breeds may produce more or less allergens, or peel off more or less than other races.
In the case of cats, all races have a very high allergenic potential, then who has some sensitivity, will most likely all races. In relation to dogs, as there is a wide variation between races, some are less “allergic” than others, as is the case of poodles and schnauzers.
3. Only cats and dogs cause allergy?
No. Usually all animals with hair and feathers have a natural desquamation of the skin, which is responsible for allergy.
Examples of animals that can also trigger an allergic reaction are the birds, ferrets and hamsters. However, not to say you need to spend the rest of his life without a pet to call friend, fish and turtles can solve this problem, since they have no peeling!
4. Children who live with pets are less likely to develop allergies?
Yes. Recent studies by Clinical & Experimental Allergy show that children under one year of age who have contact with dogs in the house decreased by 50% the chances of developing allergies in adulthood, this happens because the immune system is always exposed to allergens, thus generating the formation of antibodies from the first moments of life.
Allergy symptoms to animals
Sneezing, nasal congestion, cough and red spots on the skin are symptoms that you have some kind of allergy.
Some people may be allergic to animals and still do not know. Only discover after coming into contact with an animal. One should be alert to the symptoms of allergy to animals so that appropriate action can be taken, since respiratory health of your family is at stake.
The main symptoms are:
allergic rhinitis with sneezing and / or nasal obstruction;
watery eyes and red;
wheezing (in cases of asthma);
eczema on skin characterized by red spots;
urticaria, with the appearance of skin wounds.
Remember that symptoms may appear at once or only hours later (in some cases take up to 12 hours) there has been contact with the animal. So to see them, try to remember what you did during the last hours, and not to come any doubt, consult a specialist doctor and make an allergy test to find out exactly what you are allergic.
And if, despite this risk, I want to have a pet at home?
frequent bathing in animals, daily cleaning in the place where they are and restrict their access to rooms and halls are actions that can mitigate the effects
If you are allergic and already know the myths and truths about allergies to animals, but ,, yet their desire to have a partner is higher, know that these situations can happen:
greater tendency and frequency of respiratory diseases;
ear inflammation, resulting from inflammation of the upper airways;
worsening asthma (in asthma patients), which may trigger new crises of this disease.
Some measures help prevent a major allergic attack. Are they:
let the animals most of the time away from home;
wash the place that dogs and cats sleep and live together often;
never brushing the animal in the house (and, preferably, which is always held by a person who does not have sensitivity to the animal);
in the case of cats, leave the sand outside the box and as far as possible contact with the family;
remove carpets and curtains of the house, especially the bedroom;
bathe the pet weekly;
coat upholstered with leather or similar materials;
leave the house ventilated every day;
restrict animal access to the rooms and the rooms;
wash your hands, if you touch the animal, and never put them in contact with your eyes.
It is worth mentioning also that the same care should be taken om relation to pets of neighbors (especially cats who tend to visit your home from time to time). Try to keep the windows closed while you are out or even add a railing around your yard to restrict access of other animals.
To avoid having to return a pet, check before you buy or adopt, if you or a family member has allergies and if everyone is according to a new member in the family!